Analysis of the poem "The Prophet"
What to do if in the lesson of literature you were askedto make an analysis of the poem "The Prophet" A.S. Pushkin? This poem is considered one of the most important in the work of the Russian poet, and in this article we will try to analyze it in detail.
The meaning level of the poem
The famous poem "The Prophet" was writtenPushkin in 1826 after many of the poet's friends who participated in the Decembrist uprising were exiled and shot. Two years before, Pushkin, being an Orthodox man, was carried away by reading the Koran in the translation of M.I. Verevkina, like many of his fellow Decembrists. By the time of writing the poem, Pushkin had already been in Mikhailovskaya exile for more than a year for freethinking, so the question of freedom and the role of the poet in society was long overdue in the soul of genius. Having seized the image of a free man-prophet, who brings truth to ordinary people, the poet decided to embody this motif in his own work.
While analyzing the poem "The Prophet" by Pushkin,it is necessary to take into account the fact that traditionally it is considered one of those works of the poet, which reveal the theme of the role of the poet in society. The image of the poet is symbolically represented by the religious prophet, but he is filled with completely different content. So, people, according to the poet, can not see what only the poet sees, hear what only the poet hears, speak and love as only a poet can.
The process of making a person a prophetaccompanied by torment, but the poet sees in this his main mission. This is clearly seen from the end of the poem, where the poet lies "like a corpse in the desert" until he is "the voice of God" commanding to rise and walk. Thus, the theme of prophecy is closely intertwined with the theme of martyrdom in this poem. Pushkin describes the poet as a man exiled by the government, who must defend the truth even when all his friends are destroyed, when he himself is put on his knees.
Composition and artistic means
In addition to the semantic load that carriespoem, making an analysis of the poem "The Prophet", it is necessary to take into account the structure of the work, as well as the artistic means that help to reveal the image of the prophet.
Compositional poem consists of the following parts:
- the first part describes the state of a person until the moment of rebirth;
- The second part describes the meeting with the envoy Seraphim, who endows man with gifts;
- the third part includes the phenomenon of the divine voice commanding the prophet to go and "burn with the verb of the people's heart."
The poem is written with a four-legged iambicnumerous pyrrhic forms, which makes the work deliberately slow, as if it were transmitting the torment of the prophet. From the very beginning, the lines abound with metaphors and epithets ("spiritual thirst," "angels' flying", "sinful language"). The basic lexical backbone of the poem is composed of archaisms and ecclesiastical Slavs ("dragged on", "fingers", "puppies", "mountain"), which helps to give the lines a solemn eternity.
To give clarity and artistryThe poem contains several comparisons ("like a corpse in the desert I was lying", "fingers light like a dream"). Also in the work you can hear a lot of hissing and whistling sounds "w", "w", "ts", "c", "z", which helps convey the atmosphere of the long suffering of the prophet.
Thus, the poem of Pushkin "The Prophet"reveals the central idea of the poet's purpose in society, and compositional and artistic means help to feel the mood of the poet brighter and deeper.