"Cliff" machine gun: design and scope
The "Utes" machine gun was replaced at the combat post of the DKKM.It was adopted in the mid-70's. This is one of the most powerful types of large-caliber small arms. The "Utes" machine gun is characterized by a relatively small mass and dimensions, ease of use, and maneuverability. The design of the machine and the weapons themselves allow for accurate and accurate shooting. It is intended for destruction of group live targets, lightly armored transport, low altitude aircraft and firing points.
The large-caliber machine gun "Utes" works at the expense ofremoval of powder gases from the barrel channel. The gas outlet is located under the barrel. The gas chamber was equipped with a regulator with two fixed positions. The trunk of the machine gun is interchangeable. With a wedge, it is fixed in the receiver. The gas piston has a stem pivotally connected to the gate frame. On the trunk there is a special handle for its separation and transfer. Locking the barrel channel is achieved by skewing the shutter to the left.
Machine-gun "Cliff" for better smoothnessThe work was equipped with a shutter frame with guide rollers. The return spring is placed in its channel. In the rear part, the impact mechanism has a buffer spring, which softens the impact of the shutter frame upon reverse movement.
The "Utes" machine gun can only work inautomatic fire mode. Trigger is located in the back of the trunk box in a separate housing. When shot, the earring, which connects the bolt to the frame, acts on the drummer, which pierces the capsule. The recharge handle is on the right. When firing, it is still.
The supply of ammunition is carried out frommetal tape with a feeder. Its design allows feeding on the left and right. The "Cliff" machine gun is equipped with an optical sight with a sixfold increase, which is fixed in the back of the receiver.
For shooting the following types are usedammunition: B-32 (armor-piercing and incendiary), MDZ (incendiary of instant action), BZT-44 (incendiary tracer). This large-caliber weapon became the basis for the development of the turret-turret ship "Utes-M" and the tank machine gun NSVT.
The machine for this weapon was developed by designersK.A. Baryshev and L.A. Stepanov. It is equipped with a spring-loaded butt with a special opening for the palm, as well as a pistol grip. The trigger mechanism interacts with the pusher of the machine-gun trigger mechanism. The machine can be folded in a camp, which makes it very compact. He can be carried behind the back of the fighter calculation on the straps.
In 1976, two types of weapons were adoptedinstallations for securing weapons on the embrasure. Devices were developed under the leadership of L.V. Stepanova. Each of them consists of a spring-loaded small-sized driller with a sliding check for fastening and an infantry machine. The unit is equipped with armored protection. Its design allows instead of specially developing labor-consuming stationary devices, using standard machines. The "Cliff" machine gun is easily detached from them and can be used outside the structure.