Dysentery: symptoms, causes and course of the disease
Quite often among the population, especially in hotperiods of the year, a disease called dysentery is spreading. Symptoms of this disease are quite specific and are associated with impaired functions of the intestinal tract. In most cases, with timely and correct treatment, the prognosis for sick people is favorable, and only in some cases can the severe form of this disease develop.
Dysentery: causes of the disease and ways of infection.The causative agent of this disease is bacteria,which by nature are close to intestinal bacillus. To date, there are several different strains that can cause the development of symptoms of dysentery.
The source of pathogens,certainly, is a sick person. The causative agents of dysentery are excreted into the external environment together with the feces of the carrier of the infection. Such microorganisms can live outside the human body for about 35 to 45 hours. Heat creates all the necessary conditions for their livelihoods and that is why mass outbreaks of this disease fall precisely for the summer period.
Bacteria can get into a healthy body because of unwashed hands, along with household items, dirty food, unboiled milk. A special role in the transmission of infection belongs to flies.
Dysentery: symptoms and forms of the disease. Disease-causing microorganisms penetrate into thethe human body through the mouth, causing symptoms of the disease called dysentery. The incubation period of the disease is rather short and in most cases it lasts no more than 2 - 3 days. Penetrating into the body, the sticks settle in the lower parts of the colon, where they begin to multiply intensively. These microorganisms produce a toxin that affects the vascular and nervous systems. That is why dysentery is often accompanied by a violation of the mental state, tachycardia, a decrease in cardiac tones.
Modern medicine distinguishes between two forms of the disease: chronic and acute. Acute dysentery occurs very quickly and has different degrees of severity. With a mild form, the patient feels quite normal. Quite often, there is not even a rise in temperature. The only thing that alarms is a frequent stool, which occurs at least 10 times a day. It has a completely normal, calo-like character with small admixtures of mucus. Dehydration, as a rule, does not develop.
Much more common and medium-heavydysentery. Symptoms of it are characterized by an increase in temperature to 39 degrees. Patients complain of weakness, lethargy, fatigue. The feces eventually become completely slimy. There are pains in the abdomen, which are cramped in character.
Quite dysentery is accompanied by the same symptoms as ordinary poisoning. A person begins to feel very vomiting, constantly vomits. In this case, the diagnosis is a bit difficult.
In more severe cases, dysentery causes severe dehydration of the diseased organism, disorders from the cardiovascular system, and sometimes even to whom.
In the absence of treatment or its wrongoften chronic dysentery develops. Symptoms of it resemble an ordinary acute form. But this chronic illness consists of periods of remission and exacerbation. The periods of exacerbation are sufficiently smoothed, without causing either weakness, severe pain, or fever.
A person who once had this illnessdisease, a kind of immunity to this pathogen is developed, but, it is worth noting, it is very unstable. It is likely that in the near future there may be relapses or intoxication of the organism by another strain of these pathogens.
At the first symptoms of a sick person you need to show the doctor. It is strictly forbidden to engage in treatment alone, as this can lead to serious complications in the future.