Goals of professional sports. How is professional sport different from amateur?
In today's world, much attention is paid tosociety to various sports competitions. And the level of these tournaments can be completely different, from the championship of the city to the world championships and the Olympic Games. Nevertheless, despite the enthusiasm of many people for physical culture and amateur competitions, it is still necessary to separate the performances of amateurs from the notion of "professional sport". The features of professionals and the differences between them and amateurs will be discussed in this article.
Professional and amateur sports at firstthe look seems to be the same: both there, and there are athletes, a variety of performances, on which the winner is determined, remuneration is paid, titles and titles are awarded. Each of the people participating in the tournament necessarily strives to win, laying out to the maximum in training and completely giving himself up during the performance.
The Importance of Sport for Society
To date, sport basically has three dominant functions, namely:
- Bright and full output of negative emotions.
- A model for imitation of other people.
- Habit, ritual (it is meant, a hike after a working day, for example, in a fitness center or jogging on a stadium on a day off).
The fundamental difference
Initially, the very division of sport intoprofessional and amateur meant that the first category included people giving themselves to the chosen direction completely, without a trace. At the same time, they receive for their speeches mandatory monetary compensation, which can be fixed or depend on the level of achievements of the athlete.
Amators are people who play sports in their ownpleasure and not aiming to receive money from this activity. Their performances do not bring income, and most of their lives they devote to the main work.
All of the above gives a basic ideaa person from what professional sports is different from amateur. However, it should be understood that these criteria are not exhaustive, so it is worth dwelling on the topic.
To the top!
As for the main purpose of the professionalsports, then everything is very simple - getting the maximum possible material profit. Any swimmer, boxer, racer, football player and many other representatives of sports "shops" in the long run strive to earn as much money as possible. And here, the age limit of professional sportsmen comes to the forefront, which forces them to earn themselves for the remaining days in a very short time (15-20 years). And all because those prohibitive loads that professionals receive, do not allow them to perform at a high level for a very long period of time.
And yet, when considering the question of whatprofessional sport is different from amateur, it is also important to know that, given the rapid course of our life, the boundaries between these two areas of activity are becoming less clear. In many ways, this is due to a significant degree of commercialization of sports. It's no secret that today even small regional youth tournaments are held under the protectorate of various firms, companies, organizations, which often advertise themselves in this way, or receive tax benefits from young athletes through charitable assistance. It's hard to say whether it's bad or good, but the fact remains: virtually no serious competition is ever held without trustees and sponsors. Well, about professional competitions on this issue can not be said at all, since initially any duel, race, swim and other are paid by financial structures.
Professional sports are in constantthe process of transformation, development and some structural changes. And although athletes inflict enormous damage on their health, their work does not remain without worthy reward. Especially high-paid are hockey players, basketball players, football players, boxers, racing car pilots and motorcycle racers. Revenues of these athletes can be estimated in tens, or even hundreds of millions of dollars a year.
Strangely enough, but the lion's share in their profitsare not at all prize-winning for the competitions won, but the percentage of advertising, in which they are very often withdrawn. After all, even a child knows that people like Cristiano Ronaldo, Lionel Messi, Maria Sharapova and many others - persons whose media level is simply off scale. Various companies and companies are ready to conclude contracts with them, if only the stars of the world sports sky deign to wear their clothes, shoes, use their perfumes, shampoos, ride their cars.
Loss of amateur status
Professional sports - a world with enoughstrict rules. So, for example, if the boxer has held at least one round by professional rules, then the road to the amateur ring will be closed to him. In the same way, it happens in figure skating. The International Skating Union and the International Olympic Committee tightly control all tournaments, and those athletes who began to act as professionals are categorically prohibited from performing at amateur championships.
It is worth noting thatprofessional sports (athletics and many other kinds) still leaves a mark on the person. And here we are talking not only about his physical condition, but also psychological. Multi-month stages of preparations for various competitions make the athlete experience a very severe stress, which can eventually lead to depression, apathy, or irritability and nervousness. It goes without saying that any athlete understands this perfectly and always tries to minimize the effects of both external and internal irritating and negative factors. And work in this direction is the main activity for many specialists (psychologists, trainers).