Great Victoria - Queen of England
She was born in 1819. At the age of eighteen, in 1837, she became queen. The years of her reign (1837-1901) were called the Victorian era - a time of stability, decency and prosperity. It was an unprecedentedly long reign in British history. Queen of England Victoria was the mistress of a huge British Empire. The very same England in the XIX century turned into a forge of the world: an unprecedented power was gaining industrial production, trade flourished and cities grew.
At birth she was given a beautiful nameAlexandrina-Victoria. The first name in honor of the godfather, Russian Emperor Alexander I. Childhood pretender to the throne was more monastic than royal. The basis of her upbringing was all sorts of restrictions and strict instructions from the governess and mother (father, Duke of Kent, died 8 months after the birth of her daughter). About her brilliant prospect, that she is the future Queen of England, Victoria learned at the age of 12. "I will be good!" - exclaimed then the princess, and all the long term of her reign did not violate the promise.
"Iron" education has influenced the formation ofsuch important for the ruler character traits, as a firmness in decision-making, the ability to choose from a variety of tips the most useful, and from the surrounding personalities - the most loyal. The Queen of England was an authoritative person, demonstrating independence, firmness of character, strength of spirit, and at the same time always remained a woman. And then, when she fell in love with Prince Albert without memory, became his wife, and later the mother of nine children. And then, when after 20 years of a happy life with an adored husband for many years mourning and mourned for his death.
It was from the time of the reign of Victoria that the royalthe government ceased to interfere in the political life of Great Britain. The monarchy lost the features of a political institution, becoming a symbol, an institution more moral than political. Victoria - the first Queen of England, whose role in governing the country was purely symbolic. It formed the state of the monarchy, which George Orwell remarked admirably: "... The real power of gentlemen in bowlers, and in a gilded carriage, symbolizing greatness, sat another person ...".
For extensive family ties and influence, whichVictoria, the Queen of England, had a European policy, she was affectionately called "grandmother of Europe". No monarch in England was as popular as Victoria. Her reign strengthened the moral authority of the crown. Queen Victoria has much more monuments than any other British monarch, and her name is immortalized in the names of the Australian state, the famous waterfall on the Zambezi River, the largest lake on the African continent, the city in Canada.
When in 1901 the Queen of England died, peopleperceived the sad event as evidence of the end of the XIX century. With the passing of Victoria, the Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, the defender of the faith, the Empress of India (this kind had a title at the end of the Queen's reign), the era ended, her name was called Victorian.