How to grow potatoes?
Potatoes are a delicious and healthy root. Every owner of a garden plot wants to get a big harvest of such a vegetable. For this you need to know how to grow potatoes correctly.
Let's consider this issue in more detail.
Picking places for potatoes
To ensure a good harvest of potatoes,it is necessary to choose the best place to plant it. Best of all, this vegetable grows on light and medium loams, drained peat bogs, sod-podzolic soils. It is not recommended to plant potatoes in the ground, where there is increased acidity. It is proved that on such soils it yields less harvest, since it is most susceptible to diseases and pests.
Preparing the soil for potatoes
If you grow potatoes on the soil, inwhich previously were not introduced fertilizers, it will grow poorly, and harvest will have to be late. Therefore, it is so important to prepare the soil for planting such a root crop. It is desirable to start doing this in the autumn. At this time, you need to excavate the allocated place for planting potatoes. After this, add to each square meter of buckwheat pereprevshego manure and 50 grams of potassium-phosphate fertilizer. Then the soil should be digged again.
If you are in your garden, you canto allocate for planting potatoes only acid soil, it must be additionally lime. 400 g of dolomite flour or ordinary lime are applied per square meter.
If you do not have time to prepare the soil in the fall, then during the planting of potatoes you will need to make one handful of wood ash, humus and 20 g of any other fertilizer.
Preparation of potatoes
To get a good harvest is very importantprepare potatoes for planting. Seed tubers must be obtained from the storage and sorted out for 1 month. Please note that for planting is not suitable damaged, deformed potatoes, as well as one that has signs of disease. In this case, the most productive are the tubers, which have the size of a duck egg.
During the preparation of potatoes, it must be processedin a 1% solution of potassium permanganate. You can pour root crops into a grid of 4-5 kg. Then it is necessary to dip them in a bucket with a solution for 20 minutes. After that, place the potatoes in cardboard pallets and put them into the room. Once a week, spray root crops with warm water. This will ensure rapid growth of sprouts.
Before planting the potato, it must be sprayed with a solution of the biostimulator. To plant root crops is best in the warmed up earth. At a depth of 20 cm, soil temperature should not be below +10 degrees.
To get a good harvest, plant potatoesfollows in one row. You can use a hoe to create a furrow depth of 15 cm in it they spread the tubers every 30-40 cm. After that, they are covered with earth. The second row can be done in 40-45 cm. At the same time, it is recommended to plant marigolds near the potato beds, because their roots are the collectors of many pests.
Care of potatoes
It is equally important to take care of potatoes regularly. Abundant watering, remove from the weed beds, make them hilling. When potato sprouts will have a height of 10-15 cm, be sure to spray them with "Fitosporin-M". It will prevent the occurrence of late blight. After this, you will need to spray the potatoes from the Colorado potato beetle. You can use the following tools: "Confidor", "Aktaru" or "Commander".
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