How to plant dahlias?
Dahlias at the end of the last century were perhaps the most popular flowers in rural front gardens. Perhaps that is why the persistent reputation of “village” flowers has strengthened behind them. Then the dahlias were somehow completely undeservedly forgotten for a couple of decades, and now they are experiencing a new surge in popularity. Nowadays dahlias are one of the most fashionable flowers, especially since lately breeders have deduced a lot of stunningly beautiful varieties that are completely unlike their Mexican ancestors. The variety of their shapes and colors is simply amazing - spherical, anemonovid, pompon; pure white, golden yellow, purple and lilac; one- and two-color - each florist will find among the 15 thousand varieties that which he likes. Growing dahlias is not so difficult as it may seem at first glance. It is enough just to follow simple rules.
How to grow dahlias: rules and tips
When looking for a place to plant dahlias, it is necessary to take into account the fact that these are light-loving flowers and they need fertile soil.Dahlias will delight you with luxurious flowering, if you provide them with plenty of space and regular abundant watering. Dahlias are southern plants, so in our latitudes they are grown only as annual, as they do not tolerate wintering in the ground. Tubers are carefully dug out with the onset of cold weather, thoroughly cleaned, dried and stored in a cool place, for example, in the basement until the very spring. For better preservation, they are poured with sawdust, sand, or shifted with peat.
How to plant dahlias? There are two main ways of planting - seedlings or germinated tubers. They naturally have their differences in the preparation of dahlias for planting. Let's talk about each of them in more detail.
How to plant dahlias of germinated tubers
- First of all, we must remember that dahlias do not tolerate cold at all and are afraid of spring frosts. Therefore, it is best to start landing in mid-May.
- Two weeks before the scheduled disembarking day, the tubers must be removed from the storage, viewed, sorted out damaged, then landed in a box filled with wet peat or sawdust, and put it in a warm room on a light window-sill.After 15 days on the tubers will buds.
- Now it is necessary to remove the tubers from the box, rinse them alternately with warm water and with a sharp clean knife, cut lengthwise so that 2-3 healthy kidneys are on each part with a neck.
- Sections must be sprinkled with charcoal.
- Split tubers should be germinated in peat crates, and planting can begin.
- It is necessary to plant dahlias on the soil prepared and fertilized since autumn. For each tuber, a hole is dug about 30 cm in diameter and about the same depth. The distance between individual plants should be at least half a meter.
- Before planting dahlias, a handful of manure mixed with soil should be added to the hole. Then a sprouted tuber is strictly horizontally laid over it and covered with soil so that its neck is covered with a layer of earth of 4-5 cm. If the soil is slightly wet, then it is not necessary to water the tubers additionally yet.
How to plant dahlia seedlings
- This method is more difficult compared to the previous one, but it is optimal for areas with a cold climate, as it allows to achieve earlier flowering. To obtain seedlings, the tubers begin to germinate already in early April in the same manner as described above.
- Then after a couple of weeks they are divided into parts and germinated further until short, strong shoots appear.
- After that, each plant is placed in a separate large plastic cup or a special pot for seedlings, filled with a mixture of peat and garden soil.
- In order for the seedlings to be healthy and strong, it needs a lot of light with minimal watering. Otherwise, the shoots will be pale and strongly elongated.
- Ready seedlings along with all the lumps of land are planted in prepared holes in the middle of May, but in this case young plants will have to be covered with film for the night (threat of frost), or in early June, when dahlias are not afraid of the cold.
Caring for Dahlias
- Young plants need to spud to improve the development of roots.
- Dahlia should be watered abundantly about once a week.
- It is important to remove the stepsons. In order for flowers to be large, you need to leave only two, a maximum of three stems on the plant.
- Tall dahlias must be tied to a support.
- The soil around the plants should be weeded regularly and carefully loosened.