How to use the keyboard?
Keyboard is a basic computer management tool. Its development is a top priority for any user. And having mastered the purpose of special keys and their combinations, you will get the opportunity to speed up and facilitate your work.
The main blocks of the keyboard keys
A regular keyboard consists of 5 blocks of keys:
- Symbolic (with the image of letters of the Russian and English alphabets, numbers and punctuation marks). To print characters instead of numbers, press and hold the Shift key.
- Additional block of digital keys (in the right part of the keyboard). Here is the Num Lock button, which turns this block on and off.
- Special keys:
- Caps Lock - changes the case of the keyboard (uppercase letters to lowercase). By default, most computers are configured to print in lower case letters, after a single press of the Caps Lock button, upper case letters are printed;
- Enter is usually used to translate the flashing cursor to the line below;
- Tab - indent, “red” line;
- Alt, Ctrl - expand the capabilities of the keyboard, while simultaneously pressing with other characters, give specific commands to the computer.
- Cursor keys in graphics and text editors with the image of arrows that move the cursor up, down, left, right. And also buttons:
- Insert - allows you to activate the insert / replace text on the page;
- Delete - deletes the character to the right of the text cursor or selected text;
- Backspace - deletes the character in front of the cursor;
- Home - move the flashing cursor to the beginning of the text / paragraph;
- End - move the cursor to the end of the page;
- Page up - turns the page up;
- Page Down - turns the page down.
- In addition, there are still keys:
- Esc - closes some programs (browser windows, computer games and others);
- long empty button - space;
- Print Screen - takes a “photo” of the screen, saves it to the clipboard.
- Function keys (upper row, signed by Latin F and numbers from 1 to 12) - together with the previous block, allow you to use the keyboard without a mouse.
- F1 - Windows Help;
- F2 - editing the selected object (renaming files, folders);
- F3 - search activation. It calls the search box in the system or includes a search on the text in the browser;
- F4 - activates the address bar in Windows Explorer and opens the history of the address bar in Internet Explorer;
- F5 - executes the “update” command, for example, a page on the Internet or a system operation;
- F6 - translates the blinking cursor into the address bar of browsers or is used in computer games to save the achieved level;
- F7 - F9 - do not have standard functions, their purpose varies depending on the applications. In games, F9 usually triggers the F6 fast save load;
- F10 - call the program menu;
- F11 - translates the windowed mode of operation in full-screen mode and vice versa, it is convenient, for example, when watching movies;
- F12 - in the text editor Microsoft Word allows you to save the current document.
In general, when meeting with any application, it makes sense to figure out what functions the function keys perform. This can help you facilitate and speed up the work.
Simultaneous pressing of some keys ensures that the computer executes even more commands quickly. These shortcuts are called "hot". The most common ones are:
- Alt + Shift - switch keyboard layout (changes the input language);
- Alt + F4 - close the current window;
- Alt + Ctrl + Del - opens the "Task Manager";
- Ctrl + A - executes the command “select all”;
- Ctrl + X - cut to clipboard;
- Ctrl + C - copy to clipboard;
- Ctrl + V - paste from clipboard;
- Ctrl + P - print the document;
- Ctrl + S - save the current document.
Features of working with a laptop keyboard
Those who had to work on a laptop keyboard probably noticed that some of the characters and icons differ in color or framed. The Fn button in the bottom row to the left of the space bar is also highlighted. By simultaneously pressing Fn and the keys of the same color as it, special tasks are performed.
In this way, you can change the volume of the sound and the screen backlight, enable / disable the touchpad (touch pad), put the laptop into sleep mode and perform other actions. Which keys are responsible for this or that function depends on the model of the laptop and the manufacturer’s company; this information can be found in the accompanying documents to the computer or by decoding the icons.