Impossible is possible! Planting grapes in Siberia
For a long time the opinion was formed, however, quiteIt is justified that planting grapes in Siberia is an ungrateful occupation. And there are many reasons for this. Grapes often died out in winter, and if they experienced it, the recurrent frosts that set in in the spring destroyed the opening shoots and buds. The same can be said about the fragile summer growth. He was exposed to early autumn frosts, weakened and ceased to bear fruit. And then easily froze into a snow-less winter. The inexperience of gardeners has also strengthened the belief that Siberia and grapes are incompatible concepts. They used "southern" agrotechnics for its cultivation, which proved unsuitable in the severe Siberian climate.
Therefore, planting grapes in Siberia shouldproduced by its own special technology. Here, the first thing to do is to choose the right place where it will grow. To do this, a sunny, windproof area is suitable. Also, many Siberian gardeners plant it at the walls of buildings, dense barriers or farm buildings. In this case, the rows of grapes should be located from the east to the west, and the trellis is made single-plane. And if an open place is chosen for planting, then it is made V-shaped, located from the south to the north. As for the soil, this culture is undemanding to it. However, it is undesirable to plant it on saline lands and on those where groundwater is high.
To grow this crop in a permanent placerequire seedlings. They are taken in special nurseries, in which the planting of grapes with cuttings is put on the flow. In Siberia, he already in December ends the phase of deep peace, after which you can sprove seedlings. Usually this process begins after January 20, when the day becomes longer. This allows less time to apply artificial lighting in the plant. For 3-4 months, with the application of a scorcher, a vegetable and a greenhouse of grapes, a growing season takes place, after which its seedlings will be ready for use in May.
In the open ground planting of grapes in Siberia canoccur in several ways. To do this, round pits are suitable, which have a depth of 1-1.2 meters and a diameter of 0.8-1 meters, or trenches with a width and depth of 1 meter. Also before planting for their backfilling are prepared chernozem, humus, mineral top dressing with the addition of microfertilizers. The bottom of the excavated pit is filled with humus, which is mixed with the soil taken from the upper layers, and a mixture of mineral fertilizers (from 0.5 to 1 kilogram per pit). Then all this is mixed. Again put humus, soil and fertilizers, but already in a smaller dose - a tablespoon on a bucket of soil. Next, everything is again mixed and repeated the entire process again until the pit is completely filled. Also, this soil mixture needs to be rammed several times with your feet. Cooking these pits is best beforehand, even in autumn, so that the earth has time to compact.
In April-May, it is already directly producedplanting of grapes in Siberia. For this, in the middle of the landing pit, a pit is sown for the seedling. Its depth should be such that it will fit completely in its roots, and there would still be some distance from its head to the end of the groove. For non-winter-hardy root-bearing seedlings, it equals 20-30 centimeters, and for grafted and winter-hardy plants it is 10-15 centimeters. At the bottom of the hole is a small mound. He is planted with a seedling. The roots are straightened along its slope. They fall asleep on the ground. Then each seedling is watered (1-2 buckets). Care for grapes in Siberia also requires a special approach.