Objects of nature: examples. Objects of animate and inanimate nature
How do children in elementary school talk aboutobjects of nature so that they were not only all clear, but interesting? It is better to explain on real examples than to speak the scientific language or definitions. After all, what you can feel and feel, remember and understand is much easier.
Encyclopedias, films and samples
Not every child during the lesson at school will understand,what is an object in general, not only nature. Having said the word "object", the teacher or parent should show a photograph, a poster, for example, with birds, animals in the forest. Let the child understand why a bird is an object of nature, and alive.
Objects of animate and inanimate nature are desirabledemonstrate by examples. You can do it in words. But, as a rule, it is more interesting for a child to perceive information visually than by hearing. If you still chose the second option, it is better to tell an interesting story, a fairy tale, and not make a dry transfer.
Parents should preferably buy colorful childrenencyclopedias, in which beautifully illustrated plants, animals, birds, clouds, stones and so on. The child can say that the fish lives in water and feeds on algae. These are all objects of nature. It is recommended to show, for example, a glass, a laptop and a blanket and say that they do not belong to the objects of nature, because these things were created by man.
Living and inanimate nature
How to distinguish between living and non-living nature? What is it? What a man did not create, these are the objects of nature. Examples can be brought to infinity. How can children distinguish between living and non-living nature? The next section of the article is completely devoted to how to draw the attention of children to what surrounds them. And now you can only explain in words how to distinguish between the living and the lifeless.
It is desirable for children to show a training video aboutnature, while viewing it, point to different objects and say which ones are alive. For example, clouds, fox, and tree hit the frame. It is desirable to click on the pause and show that one of them is an inanimate object, and who is related to the living. At the same time you need to add: animals, birds, insects are animate and answer the question "who", and plants, mushrooms, stones, clouds, respectively - "what."
Illustrative examples around
Rural children can see the nature of eachday, so they can arrange a walk and show there what is alive and what is not. City's same children can show flowers on the windowsill, because these plants are also living objects of nature. They grew a man, but they still remain part of the plant world. Pets, parrots, cockroaches and spiders are also objects of wildlife.
It is not necessary to go out of town todemonstrate nonliving objects. Clouds that move through the sky, wind and rain are good examples. Even the soil under your feet, puddles or snow are objects of inanimate nature.
A good example is an aquarium with fishor a turtle. At the bottom of it is a natural soil, simulating the bottom. Algae are real, pebbles and seashells - too. But they do not have snails. Fish are swimming in the aquarium. The children look at them, rejoice at them. At the moment there are objects of animate and inanimate nature. Teacher, educator or parents should say that the fish is a living object of nature, algae too. But the sand on the bottom, pebbles and shells - lifeless. They do not breathe, do not reproduce, just exist. They have their own purpose - to create all the conditions for living living objects. If there was no sand, then the plants would not grow.
Walking in the nature
What excuse can appear for an outing onnature? Fishing, hunting, picking mushrooms, berries, nuts. With children, it's best to go out into nature just for a holiday. Of course, it will also be useful to collect mushrooms. But this should be done strictly under the supervision of adults. Parents will be able to visually show objects of wildlife, for example, a tree, bushes, grass, mushrooms, berries, a hare, a fly and a mosquito. That is, everything that breathes, grows, moves, can feel.
And what objects of natureare non-living? About clouds, rain and snow was mentioned above. Stones, dry twigs and leaves, earth, mountains, rivers, seas and lakes with oceans are an inanimate nature. More precisely, water is an inanimate object, but created by nature.
What is created by nature, and what is man
Do not need children's attention only on the objects of nature. The child may get confused, think that everything belongs to this category. But this is not so.
In the school, the teacher can give examples of whatis not an object of nature: textbooks, notebooks, desk, board, school building, house, computer, telephone. All this was created by man. The object of nature does exist without its participation.
There will probably be an objectionThe fact that the pencil is made of wood, and it is alive. But the fact is that the tree has already been cut down, it no longer lives. After all, the pencil does not grow in the eyes and does not breathe. It is an inanimate object and inanimate as well.
At school, you can make a fun game: cut out of magazines or print on the printer pictures, where objects of nature will be depicted, and then paste them on a sheet of paper (make cards). The teacher can check what the baby carved. Maybe he did not notice the pebbles at the bottom of the page or he did not know that it was an object of inanimate nature? Another pupil skipped a photo with a lake, but cut out the plane. One has to explain to one that the stone is an object of inanimate nature, and the second - that the plane was created by people and has nothing to do with the game.
When the cards are all ready, you can mix them. Each pupil will get at random one, show it at the board to the whole class and say what the living objects of nature are depicted on it. Examples can be different. It is important to pay attention to everything that is present in the picture. The interest of children is mandatory. An uninteresting lesson is not remembered, and the bored information is not absorbed.
Do not need to focus the child in one periodon the objects of nature. It is better to do this unobtrusively. Children who listened attentively will quickly understand. But if the teacher could not explain the topic, but the child is interested, it remains only for parents to give examples. The main thing is to have everything in the form of a game.