Soviet designer Yuri Solomonov: biography
General designer Yuri Solomonov is known as one of the most experienced and bright specialists in his field. To date, he works at the Moscow Institute of Heat Engineering.
Future engineer Yuri Solomonov was born in Moscow 3November 1945. He received his higher education in the capital aviation institute. After that, military service began as Lieutenant of the Strategic Missile Forces.
In 1971, Yuri Solomonov went to work in theMoscow Institute of Heat Engineering. The young specialist was a promising engineer. The Institute belonged to the Ministry of Defense of the USSR. Within the walls of this institution, the development of intercontinental ballistic missiles and complexes necessary for their operation was underway.
Careers at MIT
Thanks to his talents and hard work, YuriSolomonov confidently advanced through the ranks. He has come a long way from an ordinary engineer to the chief designer of an enterprise. In 1997, the specialist headed the Moscow Institute of Heat Engineering (MIT). In the 90s, Solomonov did much to ensure that Russia's nuclear shield was preserved, even in spite of economic and political upheavals.
Under the direction of the Doctor of Science, his subordinatesbegan to receive a large number of orders from various law enforcement agencies. Leading developers of rockets intended for land units worked at MIT. The Navy assigned the enterprise the creation of anti-submarine complexes "Medvedka", "Downpour" and "Whirlwind". Solomonov directed such complex projects as "Topol" and "Pioneer". These complexes went to the Strategic Missile Forces.
MIT developed and transformedactivity of its chief designer, which was Yuri Solomonov. The biography of the specialist is also known for his initiatives to conduct scientific and research work on the re-equipment of space and ballistic missiles.
An important project of MIT was the creation ofintercontinental missile "Bulava", intended for sea basing. The design biography of Yuri Solomonov is full of such important works of state scale. Order for "Bulava" was received in 1998. Especially for her, the underwater missile carrier Borey was upgraded, as well as the underwater missile cruiser Dmitry Donskoy. These submarines were idle without the Bulava. The army could not take them into service.
Tests of the Bulava missile were first conductedin 2004 in Udmurtia. The production of these projectiles was planned to begin within a few years after the order was accepted by the Ministry of Defense. However, despite the efforts of the company's staff and personally Yuri Solomonov, the first few launches were unsuccessful. There were technical errors and design flaws. Only two starts out of eleven were recognized as part-time.
Failures caused the chief designer to fileresignation from the post of head of the institute. The last straw was the failure of the launch on the nuclear submarine Dmitry Donskoy in the White Sea. It happened in July 2009. The media noted that this incident was the first of its kind, when the chief designer took personal responsibility for the failure of many years of work. This was the most difficult decision ever taken by Solomon Yuri Semyonovich. Parents, family and loved ones supported him at this difficult moment. The designer was able to recognize defeat with a high-raised head.
In Roskosmos quickly responded to the resignationSolomonov. The department noted that, despite the fact that he left the post of head of the institute, Yury Semenovich remained in the MIT as the general designer. The engineer continued to work on projects of sea and surface missile systems. The post of director of the institute went to Sergei Nikulin. He won this place at a contest held by Roscosmos.
The main reason for the failure with the BulavaProblems that occurred during the assembly phase. The process of creating a missile was complicated by the lack of necessary components. Despite the fiasco, "Bulava" as a project has survived. For some time other people started working on it.
Adopting Bulava for service
In September 2010, a post was establishedgeneral designer, responsible for the creation of the Topol-M missile system. It was taken by Yuri Solomonov. The designer promised that the development will end in 2011. At the same time, under his leadership, work was resumed on the completion of the long-suffering Bulava. The Ministry of Defense demanded that the work be completed as soon as possible. In a few months, four successful Bulava launches were carried out. The missile was intended for the nuclear submarine "Yuri Dolgoruky". On June 28, 2011 an important successful launch was made from this carrier.
A few months later, Defense Minister Anatoly Serdyukov said that the missile had passed all the necessary tests. Soon it was adopted.
Disputes with the Ministry of Defense
In 2011, a scandal broke out in military circles,in the center of which was Yuri Solomonov. The designer criticized the Ministry of Defense for plans to develop a new type of liquid heavy rocket. The main opponent of the famous designer was Vladimir Popovkin. It was the deputy minister of defense, who advocated the continuation of developments in this vein.
Solomonov disagreed with Popovkin. He gathered a press conference at the Interfax news agency. The designer called the decision of the Ministry of Defense to continue the program of developing missiles far-fetched and harmful. Solomonov declared these shells unsuitable for use together with modern technology. At the end of the press conference, the general designer of MIT also added that he considers this project of the Defense Ministry "a waste of money."
Ground analogue of "Bulava"
May 24, 2012 on a strategically importantthe launch site of a new missile was launched in Plesetsk. The Ministry of Defense did not specify what kind of development it was. In fact, it turned out that this was the first land analogue of the Bulava Solomonov, which had been launched from nuclear submarines before. The well-known designer was one of the main characters in the course of the development of this secret project. The purpose of the new weapons was later called the opposition of the complex to the US missile defense system deployed in Europe.
The rockets received improvedcompared with similar "Yars" and "Topol-M". From the first version of the Bulava this complex received a solid fuel. It was designed specifically to make engines even more efficient. This project was extremely useful for the entire military-industrial complex of the country. The specialists of MIT have a new design, scientific and research experience.
Cooperation with Luzhkov
For more than ten years, Solomon has manycollaborated with Yuri Luzhkov, who was the mayor of Moscow until 2010. The designer headed the initiative group, who nominated the mayor for a second term in 1999. Solomonov at a professional level supported the projects of Luzhkov, which he initiated in the capital.
For example, in MIT specifically for the City Hall,Moscow monorail. Luzhkov and Solomonov jointly registered patents for inventions in the field of urban infrastructure. Their cooperation ended when the mayor was dismissed by Dmitry Medvedev, then president of Russia.
Scientific and Writing Activities
In the Russian Academy of Sciences there are manycorrespondent members of the technical profile associated with the army. Among them is Yuri Solomonov. The academician and engineer's nationality is Russian. Doctor of Technical Sciences became an inventor even in Soviet times, having received for his professional activities the State Prize of the USSR.
Solomonov wrote nine monographs, sixmanuals and about three hundred scientific works. He owns patents for 17 inventions. In connection with public interest in Bulava, the general designer of MIT wrote a documentary and art book "The Nuclear Vertical". The novel was popular with a wide reading audience. April 28, 2015, the academician became one of the first citizens of Russia, awarded the title of Hero of Labor.
The family of Solomonov Yuri Semenovich lives with him in Moscow. Currently, the designer continues to work at the MIT and supervise research projects in the field of rocket engineering.