What are the planets called?
Ancient Greece and Rome had a great influence on the formation of astrology. It was at that time that many large celestial bodies were given names, including some planets. In order to understand how the planets of the solar system are called, it is necessary to turn to the ancient Roman mythology. In honor of the most important gods of the ancient Roman pantheon the planets were named.
Mercury is the planet that is closest to the sun. This is the fastest planet of all. That is why the ancient Romans named it in honor of the god of commerce, the keeper of merchants and thieves - Mercury, who, according to legend, could very quickly move at the expense of winged sandals.
The brightest planet - Venus - was named after the goddess of love and beauty. Interestingly, this is the only planet that bears a female name.
Mars is a red colored planet that is in fourth place from the sun. It is because of its color that the planet received the name of Mars - the god of war and destruction.
Jupiter is the largest planet in the solar system.It received its name in honor of the main god in ancient Rome - Jupiter, probably because of its size.
Saturn is another giant planet in the sky. The name she was given in honor of the Roman god of agriculture.
Earth is the only planet that does not bear the name of a deity. The name is defined only by the fact that only on this planet there is life.
The remaining large planets were discovered only after the invention of the telescope. Astrologers decided not to leave the tradition, also calling the planets the names of the ancient Roman gods.
One of the distant planets of the solar system is called Uranus. It is the only one that bears the name not of the Roman, but of the Greek deity Uranus - the god of heaven. The name she was given because of the characteristic heavenly color of the planet.
Neptune is in eighth place from the sun. The planet Neptune was named after the god of sea and water because of its bright blue color.
What are the minor planets called
In addition to 8 large, in the solar system there are many dwarf planets. Most often they are satellites of giant planets or large asteroids. The most famous dwarf planet is Pluto.Until 2006, Pluto was a full-fledged planet until many other dwarf planets were discovered in the same area. Because of this, Pluto’s status has been lowered. The name for the planet came up with an 11-year-old girl in honor of the god of the underworld, which is very suitable for a dark and cold planet.
There are many small planets in the solar system. For convenience of description, they are grouped together. Here are some of them:
- Volcanoids are small planets that are in the orbit of Mercury;
- Atons are planets in which the semi-axis of the orbit is much smaller than an astronomical unit;
- Trojans are small planets grouped near Mars;
- Damocloids are planets that have convex orbits and are farther away from Uranus by location from the sun.
Today it is believed that not all the planets of the solar system are open to man. However, even those objects that are open now are not fully understood. And as many other small planets are called, you can find it in any astrological atlas.