What is a fistula?
In everyday speech, we usually call the fistula hollow space or hole. In medicine, this term most often means a deep wound with a narrow opening, or a channel that connects different cavities.
In this article we will tell you what a fistula is and what types of this pathology exist.
In medicine, fistula is often called a fistula, which means “tube”. This channel, which, as a rule, is hidden under the epithelium and connects the body surface and the tumor, or hollow internal organs. In addition, there are fistulas that arise between the internal cavities. In some cases, surgical procedures make artificial fistula. They serve for the further removal of the contents of a specific cavity. An example of this type is a gastric fistula, which is created during gastrectomy.
The name of the form of a fistula depends on its location. Thus, we can provide a list of the most common types:
- fistula on the gum;
What is a fistula on the gum
This is the most common type of fistula, which is the result of another disease that arose against the infection of a gum or tooth. Poorly cleaned and sealed dental canals often cause the development of infection and, consequently, fistula on the gums. Complications and inflammatory processes can also begin in the process of root canal treatment, which in many cases subsequently leads to fistula. The third main cause of fistula on the gum is neglected caries, which provokes pulpitis and then inflammation in the tooth pulp.
The main symptom of the presence of a fistula is the discharge of pus from its outer edge, which occurs when the multiplication of bacteria reaches its limit. For some, this process is accompanied by pain and fever.
In such cases, an x-ray should be taken to determine the size and depth of the fistula, as well as the severity and inflammation. These data will help determine the exact cause of the pathology and prescribe the appropriate treatment.