What is processed grapes?
Grapes - the plant is not too demanding, easily adapting to different environmental conditions. However, if you want the fruits of the grapes to be large and sweet, you will have to try, providing the plant with an abundance of light, regular watering and, of course, fertilizing. In this article we will tell you how and how to process grapes.
To each his own: methods of pest control
Grapes have to be protected from the masses of various pests, and against each of them - its own method of control. And if, as a rule, it is easy to cope with all kinds of ticks, beetles and caterpillars by treating the plants with an appropriate preparation, then pests, such as wasps and birds, which are not typical for most cultures, require much more trouble. Below is a detailed look at how to deal with various pests.
In the first months of summer, the wasps play a beneficial role for the grapes, exterminating the caterpillars, but at the end of August they “retrain” as pests, because during this period the need for sweet food increases among the wasps.Since the fruits of the grapes are already formed by this time, chemical preparations cannot be used, otherwise the fruits will be dangerous to be eaten, so that you have to fight the bees with primitive and rather cruel mechanical methods, namely the destruction of nests and hanging traps.
Destruction of nests is a dangerous method, wasps can become seriously angry and you will not be protected without special protective clothing. It is better to search for nests in the early morning when the wasps fly away in search of food, and it is better to destroy them at night when all the wasps are in place. Take a flashlight with you, cover it with a red cloth (the red light of the wasp cannot be seen), get close to the nest and inject a special insecticide directly into the nest. When the drug takes effect, the wasps will fall out of the nest. You just need to remove the nest from the tree.
Wasp traps, as well as an insecticide, can be bought at a special store for garden goods. In general, the trap can be made independently, for which you need to take a 2-liter bottle, cut off its top and pour jam on the bottom. The wasp, arriving at the smell of jam in search of sweetie and landing on the bottom of the bottle, will get stuck and drown.
As we have said, the methods are rather cruel, and if you feel sorry for insects, you can use a more humane way - make covers of nylon tights and put them on clusters, just cut the leaves around the bunches to avoid rotting of the fruits.
On various sites and in the literature for gardeners describes the mass of ways of dealing with birds. Among the most popular are stuffed animals, sparkling cans, rattles, etc. However, in reality, the birds are not afraid of anything of this, and only a grid stretched over a tree can help. It is best to use a polymer fiber mesh, it will save the crop and will not destroy the birds. The bird will simply bounce off the polymer mesh, but, for example, it may get confused in fishing.
The caterpillar most dangerous to grapes is a leaf-worm. Leaflets come in three forms - biennial, grape and grapevine. A two-year-old moth of the first generation damages the buds, a second generation of berries, a grape moth eats buds, shoots, constellations and fruits, a bunch of moths of the first generation eats the buds, and the second and third grapes. With all the leafworms, the control methods are the same - treating the bushes with special preparations, among the most popular are the Double Effect, Commander, Sherpa.
The grape felt mite damages the young shoots, clusters and flowers, to get rid of it you need to process the grapes with a sulfur-containing drug. The spider mite pierces the leaves and sucks the juice out of them, which leads to their death. They fight this tick with phosphamide and neoron.
Sick grapes can and without the "help" of pests, among the most dangerous diseases of the plant - fungal diseases. For the prevention of diseases, bushes are treated with a solution of copper sulfate (15 grams per bucket) or baking soda solution (80 grams per bucket).
Special care in the fall
After harvesting, you shouldn’t forget about the health of the grapes; you must feed the grapes in late autumn. To do this, dig a trench around a plant about half a meter deep and fill it with rotted manure (nitrogen part) and sifted (potassium-phosphorus part) ash. And so that the plant does not freeze in the cold, the vine should be covered for the winter with lutrasil or warmed with spruce branches.
Also in the fall it is necessary to produce pruning, otherwise the grapes will grow very strongly, and the berries are ground.