What is the author's sign
Such a concept, as an author's sign, has twobasic interpretation. The first of them defines it as an element of output information about the publication. Such a sign appeared in the beginning of the 20th century. He was invented by Lyubov Havkina, a well-known specialist in the field of librarianship. A sign is a combination of letters and numbers. He was seen by everyone who has ever taken library books in his life. It is located in the corner of the publication. Most often, the first letter indicates the author's last name in alphabetical order. As for the numerical designation, there is an entire table system for assigning it.
However, most often the author's sign denotesnot the invention of Havkina, but the copyright sign is copyright. This is the letter "C" in the circle, which can be found not only on printed publications, but also on the Internet. Copyright refers to intellectual or other property. To understand the essence of this notation, it is necessary to go deeper into the field of copyright. In Russia, this sphere began to develop not so long ago, but it is already gaining momentum. The copyright symbol indicates the copyright holder. A person or an organization is not necessarily the creator of the product, but they can have exclusive rights to it as a result of their transfer by the author. The author can be the rightholder if he did not sell and did not transfer his creation to another person. But the rights holder is not always the author.
Copyright may be violated in the event that,If someone has appropriated the results of someone else's work. This can be plagiarism or partial copying of the work without reference to the one who has the copyright to the work. And not only can a book or an article be stolen, but also scientific developments, know-how and other authoring techniques. In the case of a literary work, the author is established by analyzing the text. There is such a thing as author's punctuation marks. Frequency of words and various parts of speech, the form of constructing sentences, and much more are also taken into account.
Surprisingly, this technique really helpsdetermine the author of the work. Plagiarists, despite all their sophistication, can not repeat someone else's text. Unless, of course, they are not geniuses. In addition to plagiarism, there is also a reverse kind of fraud - falsification of authenticity. This is the case when a manuscript is found that allegedly was written by a famous writer. In practice, most of these works very quickly become fakes. They are calculated elementary on the basis of text analysis. If we are talking about an old document, then there is still an analysis of paper and ink.
The most difficult thing is to protect copyright inthe Internet. There are no guarantees that the text will not be copied, corrected and stolen. People who write on the web often sell their works without saving authorship. Webmasters and site owners, placing such text on their own resources, can not guarantee that it will not be stolen. Copying without an active link to the source is considered something completely normal on the network. This does not help either warning banners or security scripts. If the text itself could not be copied, then it is possible to steal an idea, at least. The author's sign does not serve as a warning.
In most cases, bring to court a plagiaristdoes not work. First of all, because the author's sign is usually installed on the site without registering the law itself legally. Therefore, if someone abducts an interesting idea or know-how from a web resource, the copyright owner will not be able to prove anything. The second reason for the absence of appeals to the court is that the proceedings are too expensive and tedious process. In addition, the plagiarist is often impossible to calculate. After all, the copied article can be placed on a free service or someone else's resource.