Why are my feet cold?
Those who have ever experienced cold in the limbs, know what discomfort it causes. If you are interested, or hands, you should first turn to a professional doctor. The feeling of coldness in the limbs can be caused by many diseases or various problems with the cardiovascular system. By itself, “cold” in the legs is not a disease, but a symptom of a more serious disease.
Why feet are cold: 5 main reasons
If your feet are cold even in warm weather or in a well-heated room, this may indicate one of the many problems. Consider the most common ones.
The presence of vegetative dystonia
This disease affects the regulation of vascular tone. There are 2 types of vegetative-vascular dystonia: in the first case, the vessels can not relax in time, and in the second - to contract in a timely manner. That is, if you have a violation of the first type, the vessels can not fully fill with blood due to the spasming process, which causes cold sensations in the limbs.One of the characteristic features of this disease is that the legs begin to freeze in various stressful situations when you are nervous.
Damage to the vascular walls of atherosclerosis
Because of this disease, there is a violation of the arterial circulation. It is most common in men older than 40 years. With atherosclerosis, plaques form on the walls of blood vessels, which impede normal blood flow. The main reason for their occurrence is the wrong diet, which includes too much cholesterol and little fiber. In addition, this disease is characteristic of people who smoke, because substances from smoke have a negative effect on the walls of blood vessels. If it is negligent to treat his treatment, gangrene may occur and even amputation of the limbs.
Appearance of varicose veins
Since this disease results in impaired blood circulation due to the worsening of blood flow through the veins, one of its symptoms is a feeling of coldness in the legs and arms. According to statistics, varicose veins are most common in women, which is why they suffer more from cold feet syndrome.In addition, in the presence of this disease can hurt the legs. If you have been diagnosed with varicose veins, then be sure to consult a phlebologist.
The presence of hypothyroidism
Due to the disruption of the functioning of the thyroid gland, the person begins to gain weight, the temperature of the body falls, and the limbs begin to freeze. This disease is very similar to diabetes mellitus of the second type, it is almost impossible to diagnose it at home, for this you should consult a doctor. Due to the lack of hormones that cease to be produced during hypothyroidism, exchange reactions slow down in the human body, bradycardia and drowsiness occur.
In the presence of diabetes mellitus of the second type in the blood insulin level increases. Due to its overabundance, the thickness of the vascular wall increases significantly and the lumen of the vessels decreases, which negatively affects the blood circulation. As a result, there may be a feeling of cold in the limbs. In addition, in diabetics, sometimes legs are cramped, which is also rather unpleasant. With this disease, you should constantly monitor the condition of the blood in order to assist your body in time.
In most cases, the legs are cold because of health problems, but there are situations where you just have to wear wool socks and a warm sweater. This is especially true if the indoor temperature is below 20 degrees, and you lead an inactive lifestyle.