World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO): scope, governing bodies
World Intellectual Property Organizationproperty is a global forum that deals with political issues, problems of improving cooperation, as well as the tasks of providing services and providing information. WIPO is one of the most important self-financing institutions that cooperates with the United Nations system. It consists of 189 states. Francis Gurry is the Director General of WIPO. The headquarters of the organization is in Geneva.
The main objective and the Convention
The main goal of the organization is to work onthe formation of intellectual property (IP) and its transformation into a balanced and effective system that can create the necessary conditions for innovation in favor of each person. The WIPO Convention is a document that was first signed in 1967 in Stockholm. On the basis of this official paper, an organization was established. The convention sets out the main rules and processes for the activities of the governing bodies, as well as their powers.
What does WIPO do?
WIPO offers assistance to governments of differentcountries, business circles, and also society to realize the benefits that the IP can reveal. The organization is engaged in providing a political forum designed to create the same international IP norms in an ever-changing world situation. Also, the World Intellectual Property Organization provides international services related to cross-border protection of IP powers, deals with conflict resolution.
To ensure communication between the IP system and exchangeknowledge is regulated by a technical infrastructure. WIPO provides a variety of programs that relate to cooperation and capacity building. This allows countries around the world to use IP for the development of the economy, culture and science. In addition, the organization provides reference materials on the necessary information in the field of IP for all countries.
In 2008, WIPO producedstrategic restructuring, which led to the adoption of the nine main objectives of the organization. They reflect constantly changing tasks and reveal the activities of WIPO. The main objectives are as follows:
- balance in the development of the international base of IP norms;
- services of the highest quality to improve the global IP protection system;
- support the interests of the development of various social spheres in a way to facilitate the use of IP;
- coordinating and improving the overall infrastructure;
- providing a source of reference materials for all countries, as well as access to IP analytical data;
- improving cooperation between countries;
- resolution of disputes and conflicts of IP in the context of global strategic objectives;
- providing quick communication within WIPO, between Member States, as well as all stakeholders;
- a qualitative structure of support in the field of administration and financing, which helps in the implementation of WIPO programs.
Patent Law Treaty
The patent law was adopted in 2000. This is a very important official document that regulates many of WIPO's international processes. It harmonizes and optimizes formal actions that apply to interethnic as well as regional patents and applications. In addition, the purpose of the treaty is to improve all WIPO procedures, as well as work on user facilities.
The patent law takes into account all the important factors and requirements that can be applied in the departments of the contracting parties. An exception may be only a requirement regarding the date of filing an application.
Treaty on Copyright and Related Rightscovers the main problems that can arise from the official authors of these or other works. A huge range of works of a literary and artistic nature is regulated by this law:
- musical works;
- architectural creations;
- computer programs;
- pictures and stuff.
Different ideas, processes, concepts of a mathematical nature or ways of functioning are not subject to this agreement.
The official agreement on copyright and relatedrights refers mainly to the form of expression. The law extends to various names or slogans, depending on the degree of author's creativity that is present in them. Names are mostly not protected by copyright.
Within the framework of this law, there are two main rules:
- the rightholder necessarily receives financial compensation if his work was used by other persons;
- the subject has the opportunity to claim the right of authorship or object to changes in the creation that may harm the author's reputation.
Intellectual law is a legala term that is widely used at present. There are many objective prerequisites for developing it as a separate industry. At the moment, it is developing dynamically.
The object of this right is variousthe results of intellectual activity, which require the necessary methods of protection and legal regulation. Previously, this aspect was not the subject of discussion in science. This is a fundamentally new way of studying phenomena that appeared only with the advent of the fourth revolution in industry. Many researchers say that intellectual law as a system of property obligations for the disposal of IP objects has a continuous development trend. This process is inevitable, as new objects of intellectual property are constantly appearing. Thus, the named law regulates relations that relate to the creation, protection, as well as the use of IP items.
The results of WIPO's work
World Intellectual Property Organizationownership holds a special place in the United Nations system. The two-year budget for WIPO for 2016 and 2017 has already been allocated to a variety of important goals. All costs are approved by Member States. They are covered by income that are generated through the provision of services provided in exchange for the payment of fees by participants in the following international registration systems: the PCT, the Madrid and the Hague Organizations.
World Intellectual Property OrganizationThe property operates under the supervision of some external and internal bodies. But most of the work falls on the shoulders of its employees. The WIPO Secretariat follows the basic rules of the organization and embodies its fundamental values. The staff possesses all the necessary skills and knowledge that enable them to follow the instructions of the member states, as well as implement a variety of programs. The management structure of the organization includes:
- Francis Gurry is WIPO's official CEO.
- His deputy is Sylvie Forben.
- The head of the development sector is Mario Matus.
- John Sandage deals with patents and technologies.
- Assistants Francis Gurry: Minelik Getahun, who is responsible for the global issues sector, Ambi Sundaram, involved in administration and management, and Yoshiyuki Takagi, who is responsible for the global infrastructure.